What is the difference between Frog and Toad?
Amphibians are hydrological animals that live at the boundary of land as well as water. Some of the most common Amphibians are Frogs and Toads and from this nature, it can give birth to a lot of questions in our mind like what is the difference between frogs and toads? Are they same? If not then where do they differ from each other? What is the common base they have? And lots of such various differences arise in our minds.
To answer all such questions we need to describe both of them with certain terminologies so as to get an idea about their characteristics, features, and their overall appearances. I am here to help you out with the difference between frogs and toads.
What is Frog?
A frog is any member of a diverse and largely carnivorous group of short-bodied, tailless amphibians composing the order Anura (literally without tail in Ancient Greek).
The skin is usually moist and smooth; coloration varies from shades of green and brown to black. In many species, coloring is an adaptation that provides camouflage from predators.
Frogs are widely distributed, ranging from the tropics to subarctic regions, but the greatest concentration of species diversity is found in tropical rainforests. There are approximately 5,000 recorded species, accounting for over 85% of extant amphibian species. They occur on all continents except Antarctica, although most species are found at elevations below 1,500 m (5,000 feet).
The head often exhibits a pair of large bulging eyes with horizontal or vertical pupils, a short rounded snout (rostrum), and highly developed tympanic membranes (eardrums) on both sides of the head. Frogs range in size from 8 (less than 0.4 inch) to 23 cm (about 9 inches), depending upon the species.
What is Toad?
Toads are also amphibians in the order Anura. However, toads have dry, warty skin and short legs with large bumps called tubercles on their hind feet that help them to walk instead of jump or swim. They also have numerous glands that secrete toxic fluids and may cause irritation when handled.
Toads can live from 3 to 40 years, depending on the species and the environment. The smaller species tend to have a shorter life span than the larger ones. True toads range in size from 8 cm (about 3 inches) to more than 18 cm (7 inches).
There are about 300 species, and they occur worldwide except in Antarctica, New Zealand and several oceanic islands.
Frog Vs Toad: Infographics
Frog VS Toad: Difference Between Frog and Toad
There is no difference between a frog and a toad in terms of taxonomy. However, when it comes to their appearance, habitat, behavior, size, movement and sound, they are very different.
Scientific name (Frog Vs Toad)
The scientific name of a frog is Rana tigrina, whereas that of a toad is Bufo bufo. Frogs are known for their croaking sound while toads generally do not croak.
Size (Frog Vs Toad)
The difference in size between frogs and toads is one of the more obvious distinctions. Frogs are generally larger than toads, with longer hind legs. A typical frog has a snout-to-vent length between 1 and 3 inches (2.5 to 8 cm) and a length that reaches 3 to 9 inches (8 to 23 cm). Toads, on the other hand, have shorter hind legs than frogs, which makes them appear stockier. The typical toad body length is 3 to 7 inches (8 to 18 cm), making it smaller than most frogs.
Weight (Frog Vs Toad)
Weight is also a factor when comparing frogs and toads. A frog’s body weight can range from 0.07 ounces (.2 g) for a very small tree frog to up to 11 pounds (5 kg). This makes them much lighter than most mammals of the same size, even though the largest frog species can weigh as much as 9 raccoons or a golden retriever. Toads are generally lighter than frogs, but the heaviest species measures less than 10 ounces (284g).
Leg (Frog Vs Toad)
Frogs and toads are different in several ways. For example, frogs have slim bodies and long hind legs made for leaping and swimming. Toads have short legs that aren’t good for jumping, but they do help them hop across land very quickly!
Frogs have very long hind legs which makes them jump high and they also can jump from place to place. In terms of speed, no other animal can beat a frog because it can jump up to 20 times its body length in a single jump!
Habitat (Frog Vs Toad)
Frogs are mostly aquatic, but there are some varieties that live on the land as well. Frogs need to stay near or in a water source, because they need to keep their skin moist. They are very sensitive to extreme temperatures and pollution. They are active during the night and sleep during the day while staying hidden in leaves, trees or bushes. On the other hand, toads are adapted to living on dry land and usually burrow into the ground or hide under rocks or logs during the day. During rainy seasons, they venture out more often, but they are most active during dusk and dawn.
Skin (Frog Vs Toad)
The skin of a frog is highly permeable to water, which helps the frog get rid of waste products through diffusion. On the other hand, toads have leathery skins that aren’t permeable to water; they excrete waste products through their kidneys instead.
The skin color of frogs can vary from bright greens and yellows to browns depending on where they are native to and their species. Some species have spots while others have stripes or blotches all over their bodies or limbs.
Frogs generally have smooth, wet skin and spend more time in water than toads. Toads are dryer with bumpy skin and spend more time on land than frogs.
Spawn Formation (Frog Vs Toad)
In terms of spawn formation, frogs and toads differ slightly. Toads typically lay eggs in the form of a long string whereas forgs form eggs that are clumped together. The difference lies in the fact that toads have more water around them than toads do when they lay their eggs. Hence, their spawn is spread out over a longer distance so that it does not all get eaten up by predators. Frogs produce spawn that is bunched together to increase its chances of survival.
In terms of fertilization, both frogs and toads are amphibious creatures and hence go through internal fertilization. In this process, the male frog or toad deposits its sperm into the water surrounding the female frog or toad and fertilization takes place outside the body of the female frog or toad.
Sound (Frog Vs Toad)
The most outstanding difference between a frog and toad is their vocalization. Frogs, unlike toads, make sound by inflating their throat and vocal sac with air. When they inflate it, all the air is expelled out at once creating a croak, which is very loud in nature.
Toads, on the other hand, do not have a vocal sac and make sound by contracting muscles inside the larynx or voice box. This creates vibrations and results in the production of sound from the lungs of the toad.
The sound produced by both these amphibians differs considerably from one another. A frog’s croak is very distinctive and can be heard from far away while a toad’s sound is very low pitched and can only be heard clearly when it is close by.
“In general, frogs tend to make loud croaking sounds while toads tend to make low humming noises. Frogs are also known to chirp and click while toads are known to grunt and wail.”
Food (Frog Vs Toad)
Frogs eat meat like spiders, insects and worms. They live in water or near water bodies like ponds and lakes. Toads, on the other hand, eat plants and insects. They prefer dry habitats such as fields or forests.
Frogs tend to eat more insects than do toads. Also, while both animals prey upon or are preyed upon by many different creatures, the predators of frogs include fish, snakes, birds and mammals, whereas the predators of toads include birds, snakes and mammals.
They have the same diet, but they differ when it comes to eating habits. Frogs have a long tongue that is attached at the front of their mouth while a toad’s tongue is short and attached at the back of its mouth. This difference allows frogs to catch their prey quickly while toads get close to them, then snap their tongue on the prey.
Toads eat insects. Their diet consists of worms, spiders, insects, slugs and snails. They are typically more terrestrial than frogs and require a dry habitat with soft soil. Toads also eat their prey whole, leaving the exoskeletons behind.
Frogs will eat almost anything that is alive and smaller than themselves. They eat a wide variety of foods, including worms, crickets, moths and flies. Most frogs will also swallow prey whole but some frogs will tear off pieces of food before swallowing it whole. Some frogs species will even consume other frogs that are smaller than themselves or are in a weakened state from hibernation.
Nose (Frog Vs Toad)
The most outstanding difference between both animals is their nose. Toads have a more pointed nose than that of a toad. The shape of their nose somewhat resembles a triangle in shape. It does not protrude out much as it has a flat profile unlike that of a toad which has an elongated snout like structure that protrudes out prominently giving it an ugly appearance.
Eyes (Frog Vs Toad)
Frogs have protruding eyes, which help them to see in all directions, especially upwards. Their eyes have a transparent covering that protects the pupils from dirt. The pupil is typically horizontal, giving frogs the ability to see both above and below water at the same time.
Toads, on the other hand have eyes that are set more deeply into their skull than frogs. This allows them to see more on the ground and less in the air. The pupils are also vertical, allowing them to focus on one thing at a time. Because most of their day is spent on land, they developed this type of visual system to allow them to see forward while hopping along the ground.
The Key Difference Between Frog and Toad Are Given Below: (Frog vs Toad)
Conclusion (Frog Vs Toad)
There is a incredible difference between the two. Frogs are very common and toads are not as commonly seen in our world. Frogs have moist smooth skin while Toad’s has dry dull skin. While frogs have slim long legs and short tail, toad have short slim legs and a long tail. The frog is much bigger than a toad. If a person drink too much alcohol then they will wake up and find themselves next to a frog even if it was a toad when they went to sleep drunk. Frogs are truly amazing creatures; they are great swimmers and they can catch their prey quickly.