13 Pros And Cons Of 5G Technology

5G , 4G, 3G, 2G, Mobile technology
What are the pros and cons of 5G technology?

5G is here, and with it all the hype — but what is 5G, actually? Well, if you’ve been following the space, you know a lot of facts and figures have circulated about 5G. Nonetheless, there are still many who don’t know or understand exactly what 5G is. In an attempt to figure out what everyone is talking about (because I wasn’t really sure either), we decided to write the Pros and Cons of 5G.

What is 5G?

5G stands for fifth-generation digital cellular networks. In this network, providers divide their service regions into small geographical areas called cells. It’s likely to be widely used by private corporate networks, the Internet of Things (IoT), and essential communications.

As of April 2019, the Global Mobile Suppliers Association has recognized 224 operators in 88 countries actively investing in this technology. South Korea became the first country to implement 5G on a broad scale in April 2019. 

The 5G will play a far more significant role than earlier generations. It will connect people, objects, machines, and devices in addition to interconnecting networks. It will create new user experiences and connect new industries by delivering new levels of performance and efficiency.

Multiple gigabits per second, ultra-low latency, vast capacity, and a more consistent user experience will all be available with 5G. According to IMT-2020 specifications, it will deliver 20 Gbps peak data rates. 

Due to improved antennae and technology, wireless systems are now much more capable of transmitting massive amounts of data. A self-driving car, for example, would require a network slice with blazing fast speed and low latency that enable it to travel in real-time.

The millimeter-wave band – with frequencies between 30GHz and 300GHz – is used for 5G technology. Because of the high frequency, the signal can only travel a short distance without interference from weather or physical impediments such as buildings. To get signals to go around these obstructions, 5G networks require small, inexpensive stations.

Operators expect to invest billions of dollars in 5G by 2030.

For more than a decade, experts have predicted that the Internet will revolutionize our lives. However, the rise of the Internet has spawned numerous debates about its numerous advantages and drawbacks.

Advantages and Disadvantages of 5G Technology

Pros Of 5G Technology

5G, which is 5th generation mobile technology is being developed to further advance the capabilities of wireless communication. As we move towards this technology and make it commercially available, you will get to enjoy a smart life as never before.

1. Increased Bandwidth For All Users

pros and cons of 5G technology
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The biggest pros of 5G technology is the much greater bandwidth. With more bandwidth, files will download faster, internet access will be a lot faster, and video streaming will be smoother.

People with access to this higher bandwidth will be able to do more with their devices, making them more versatile and convenient. As bandwidth becomes more accessible, it is harder for demanding consumers to overload the cell network.

2. Higher Speed

One of 5G’s many perks is its lightning-fast speed. Typical 4G networks can deliver a maximum speed of 100 Mbps, though real-world performance is generally no more than 35 Mbps. 5G could be 100 times faster than 4G, with a top theoretical speed around 20 Gbps. And in real-world tests, speeds have reached 50 Mbps to 3 Gbps. With 5G, devices can run faster than ever before as the network becomes more tailored to the needs of each device.

3. Minimum Cost In The Installation Of A New Tower

An update to existing cell towers reduces the cost of installing a new 5g tower because it uses existing infrastructure.

4. No Need For Broadband Internet Connections.

Demand for broadband internet service has decreased with the introduction of faster networks, which enable higher-speed access than broadband. 

To watch Netflix, Amazon Prime, Hulu, or Now TV on your TV, you need a high-speed internet connection. When 5G comes to Chicago, it will help solve a problem for kids by cutting down on their mobile phone data usage for watching videos.

5. Improvement In Vital City Operations.

Pros and Cons of 5G Technology
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The 5g network connection can solve important city operations such as utility operation, disater planning and management, transportation services and public safety.

Disaster Management And Planning.

With 5G technology, people can receive real-time information on natural disasters, including floods and heavy rain, and take the proper precautions to ensure their safety. This will save lives and prevent countless injuries.

The New York City Emergency Management department is the lead agency responsible for coordinating disaster planning and management, public safety, and transportation in New York City. The Emergency Management department will be greatly aided by the city’s choice of AT&T to provide New York City with excellent cell phone connectivity through the 5G network link.

General Public Safety

Officials are able to send out a warning to residents quickly in the event of a school shooting, bank heist, or terrorist attack if they are connected to 5G.

Pros and Cons of 5G Technology
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When 5G networks steps into the transportation industry, street crossing signals, vehicle monitoring, and pedestrian traffic at intersections will improve. These networks are 20 times faster than 4G, so traveling is much quicker than ever before.

Utility Services

In the medical industry, this network will have an advantage, speeding up medication trials and helping to treat more people. Other departments that would benefit include police and fire. This network will draw in business and tech-savvy residents, boosting the area’s economy.

6. Low Latency

One of the biggest pros of 5G technology is its low latency value. The new architecture reduces end-to-end latency exponentially by a factor of 10 compared to 4G LTE. It will drastically alter the user experience with whole new features.

If you try a computer game that uses 5G technology, you’ll notice that the action is immediate.

7. More Effective And Efficient.

It will offer massive broadcasting data, supporting over 60,000 connections. It delivers global connectivity that is uniform, uninterrupted, and consistent, making it ideal for students and doctors to connect from anywhere in the world.

Cons Of 5G Technology

5G technology is one of the hottest topics in wireless. It’s also among the most divisive. Proponents say that 5G will be faster, better and revolutionary. Critics have said that there will be health hazards and privacy intrusions. We’re going to break down some of these concerns, along with the realities about 5G.

1. An Increased Bandwidth Will Mean Less Coverage.

woman looking shocked smartphone
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By deploying more cellular towers, 5G providers may cover large areas with service. But coverage will be less widespread than 2G, 3G, and 4G networks, which require less bandwidth per user.

As losses increase at higher frequencies, it is hard to achieve any coverage beyond 2 meters (inside) and 300 meters (outside) (for example, millimeter-wave). 

Numerous potential problems with 5G millimeter-wave networks include penetration loss, attenuation owing to rain and vegetation, and other issues.

2. The Radio Frequency May Become A Problem.

With the addition of a 5G network, the quantity of radio frequency space available is quite limited, making it hard to implement new technologies in carrier networks.

In the United States, satellites and fixed lines use the 6.000–6.425 GHz frequency band. Between 6.425 and 7.125 GHz, there is space for mobile users and networks, but the advent of 5G could add another user to this band.

3. The 5G Network Is Costly

This network is expensive, so we need competent engineers to maintain and deploy it. Furthermore, 5G devices are costly, so they might not be affordable for ordinary people.

4. Heating And Draining Problem In Batteries

Tests have revealed that mobile phones using the 5G network will lose power quickly. This is because the increased connection speed heats the phones. If you want to use your phone, you’ll need better battery technology to get your phone to last all day on a single charge.

5. Minimum Upload Speed

The 5G network allows download speeds of up to 12.9 Gbps and upload speeds of less than 100 Mbps. Though it is much faster than 4G, the upload speed is not quite as fast as the download speed.

By the way, I don’t mean to be picky, but the ping speed is a little slow. It seems to run at about 15 milliseconds when 1 millisecond or less is what we expected.

6. Potential Health Hazards

Pros and Cons of 5G technology

Photo by Ana Itonishvili on Unsplash

The rise of 5G cell towers has been associated with harmful health impacts from cell tower radiation. With this in mind, we should address the cons of 5G technology immediately. 

As bandwidth consumption increases, more cell towers will be required for 5G networks. The closer the person gets to the cell tower, the worse their situation will be. While studies have found that electromagnetic frequencies can induce chronic diseases, the degree of harm is yet unknown.

According to research published in Paris in 2014, scientists have identified that radio waves trigger inflammation, oxidative stress, and an inflammatory disorder by disturbing the circadian rhythm of living organisms.


The fifth generation of mobile networks, 5G, is expected to inject $12 trillion or more into the global economy and radically transform our work routines. Despite offering faster speeds, the new network still has an issue with coverage, security, and compatibility with older devices.

Meanwhile, according to the Mobile World Congress Association, just 49 percent of connected devices will have 5G by 2025, with 4G accounting for 45 percent.

The 5th generation of wireless technology is a reality that will affect our lives in many ways. So it’s worthwhile to look at the pros and cons of 5G technology.

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