What is the difference between Windows and Linux?
On the market, there are a variety of operating systems to choose from. Microsoft Windows is the most popular desktop operating system, with an estimated 83 percent market share. The second and third places, respectively, are taken by Apple Inc’s macOS and Linux.
Linux is an open-source operating system that is free to use, whereas Windows is a proprietary operating system.
Windows is a series of operating systems, computer operating system (OS) developed by Microsoft for personal desktops/devices or computer (PC), whereas Linux is an open-source operating system based on UNIX that was developed by Microsoft for personal desktops/devices or computer (PC).
The operating system serves as a link between the hardware and software of a computer. The most important component of a computer is its operating system. An operating system is essential for a computer or mobile device to function.
We shall compare Linux and Windows in this essay. But before we get into the differences, let’s take a closer look at each of these operating systems.
What is Windows OS?
Microsoft released the Windows Operating System in 1985, and it is now one of the most widely used operating systems on the planet. Windows 1.0 was the first version, and Windows 10 is the most recent version as of October 2020.
Windows is a licensed operating system in which the source code is not accessible. It’s intended for persons who have no prior programming experience, as well as business and alternative industrial users. It’s incredibly simple to set up and utilize.
Microsoft Windows is a collection of Microsoft’s graphical user interface (GUI)-based operating systems. Its primary audience is the personal computer market.
Windows OS comes in two flavors: 32-bit and 64-bit, and it’s available for both clients and servers.
Windows is adaptable and portable, and it supports a variety of operating systems, symmetric multiprocessing, and client-server computing. It has preemptive scheduling, virtual memory, and integrated caching.
What is Linux OS?
Linux is a free and open source operating system based on Unix standards that includes both a programming and user interface interface.
A UNIX operating system system also contains several independently developed components, resulting in a fully compatible and proprietary-free UNIX operating system.
It was created by Linus Torvalds, a Finnish student, much later than Windows, in 1991.
The Linux operating system also has a graphical user interface (GUI) with certain commonly used apps. Linux can also be found on desktop computers, mobile devices, gaming consoles, digital storage devices, eBook readers, cameras, and video recorders. Although it is most typically used for servers, Linux also has a desktop version.
Ubuntu 17.10 is the most recent version of the Linux operating system. The given version’s default user interface is GNOME, Ubuntu Unity (in older versions).
Also Read: Difference Between OSI and TCP/IP Model
Difference Between Windows and Linux: Windows VS Linux
|It is a proprietary and not open-source operating system.||Open Source||It is free to use and open-source operating system.|
|Microsoft Corporation||Developer||Linus Torvalds|
|November 20, 1985||Initial Release Date||September 17, 1991|
|138 languages||Available In||Multi lingual|
|There are 4 user account types administrator, |
standard, child, and guest.
|User Account Types||There are 3 user account types regular, root and service account.|
|FAT, FAT32, NTFS and ReFS||File System||EXT2, EXT3, EXT4, Reisers FS, XFS and JFS|
|The file system is case-sensitive.||Case Sensitivity||File system is case insensitive.|
|In windows, micro-kernel is used.||Type of Kernel||In Linux, a monolithic kernel is used.|
|With Microsoft Liscence, users won’t have access to source code.||Licensing||With GPL Liscense, users have access to the source code.|
|Easy to operate but takes time to install.||Usability||Complicated installation procedure but can handle complex tasks easily.|
|It is comparatively vulnerable to hackers and need anti-virus software on your system.||Security||Is More secure than windows and hackers cannot easily break the Linux system.|
|C++ and Assembly||Coded In||C and Assembly|
|Graphical Operating System family||OS Family||Unix-like OS family|
|Windows Shell||Default User Interface||Unix Shell|
|Normally costs between $99.00 and $199.00 USD for every single licensed copy.||Price||Entirely free. There are paid subscriptions for platforms like RedHat and SUSE.|
|Supports through forums and online websites which is easy.||Support||Supports through forums and websites.|
|There are drives like C: D: and E:||Drives||There are no drives at all.|
|Administrator user has all the administrative rights.||User Priority||Root user has all the administrative rights.|
|Backward slash is used for separating the directories.||Path Separator||Forward slash is used for separating the directories.|
|Peripherals(printers and keyboards) are considered devices.||Peripherals||Peripherals (printers and keyboards) are considered as files.|
Why is Linux Faster than Windows?
Linux is often faster than Windows for a variety of reasons.
- To begin with, Linux is quite light, whereas Windows is heavy. A lot of programs operate in the background in Windows, and they take up RAM.
- Second, the Linux file system is extremely well organized.
- Finally, Linux (kernel) is designed to be monolithic.
Linux outperforms Windows in terms of speed. That’s an ancient story. It’s why Linux powers 90% of the top 500 fastest supercomputers in the world, whereas Windows powers only 1%.
I hope that this post has helped you gain a more objective perspective on both systems.
Windows is easy to use, but it is not a free or open source operating system, whereas Linux is free, open source, customizable, and safe, but it can be complicated for non-programmers.
Users who want to switch from Windows to Linux or vice versa should be aware of the benefits and drawbacks of both operating systems so that they may form an opinion based on their needs and gain the most benefits.