10 Important Difference Between Hardware and Software (Tabular Form)

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE
What is the difference between hardware and software?

An electronic device that inputs, outputs, processes, and saves data is referred to as a computer system. A computer’s components are primarily classified into two categories. They are hardware and software, respectively.

The real and visible components of the system, such as the monitor, CPU, keyboard, and mouse, are referred to as hardware. Software, on the other hand, is a set of instructions that allows the hardware to perform a set of tasks such as MS Windows, ios, word processor.

You can handle the hardware, but not the software. Software is virtual, while hardware is physical.

To complete a task, software must be loaded into hardware. The software acts as a conduit between the user and the hardware. In summary, for a computer to create usable output, both hardware and software are required.

Computer hardware includes things like the computer display you’re using to read this text while the internet browser you’re using to access this page, as well as the operating system it’s running on, are both considered software.

What Is Hardware?

A physical device or component of a computer that is physically attached to the computer is referred to as hardware. These are the main electronic components that make up the computer system. GPU, mouse, monitor, keyboard, CD-ROM, printer, video card, hard drive, memory, sound card, and so on are all instances of hardware.

A desktop image scanner, USB flash drive, joystick, projector, speakers, and motherboard are examples of different sorts of computer hardware.

Computer equipment would be unable to work without hardware, and software would be unable to run without it. The software is in charge of informing the hardware about the order and way in which the tasks should be completed.

Hardware of a computer system is divided into four main categories. They are input devices, output devices, secondary storage devices and internal components.

For example, a keyboard that enables you to write your search query on any browser is reffered to as the hardware component of a computer system.

What Is Software?

A set of instructions or programs built and developed to execute specific tasks is known as computer software. A software can also be defined as a piece of programming code that is run on computer hardware to help a computer system complete a task.

The software can be created in a variety of programming languages, which, when correctly compiled or interpreted, give consumers software that is effective, simple, and efficient to use.

Microsoft Word, Excel, Power Point, Google Chrome, Photoshop, MySQL, and more programs are examples of software.

The two main types of software are system software and application software.

System software allows a computer to be operated, controlled, and extended in terms of processing power. C, C++, and Assembly are the most prevalent programming languages used to create system software. Operating systems, compilers, assemblers, interpreters, and device drivers are examples of system software.

Application software is a type of computer application that assists people in completing a task. Word processors, spreadsheets, and database management systems are examples of application software (DBMS).

Difference Between Hardware And Software: Hardware VS Software

HardwareVSSoftware
A physical device or component of a computer that is physically attached to the computer is referred to as hardware.MeaningA set of instructions or programs built and developed to execute specific tasks is known as computer software.
It is manufactured in factories by different companies.BasicIt is developed by computer programmers.
Mainly divided into four categories.They are input devices, output devices, secondary storage devices and internal components.TypesMainly divided into two types. They are system software and application software.
It can be seen and touched.TactionIt can be felt only.
Hardware cannot function without software.InterdependencySoftware needs hardware to execute instructions.
Shows problems as time passes.DurabilityDo not show any kind of problems with time.
Get affected by the virus.VirusDo not get affected by the viruses.
Degrades over timePerformanceRemains the same over time
Cannot be moved in the form of electrical signalsTransformationCan be moved in the form of electrical signals.
Monitor, mouse, CPU, memory, etc.ExamplesMS-Word, photoshop, spreadsheet, chrome, etc.

Can you have Hardware without the software?

A display, hard drive, keyboard, memory, motherboard, CPU, power supply, and video card are all required for most computers to function properly. When any of these devices is missing or faulty, the computer will not switch on or will provide an error.

Your favorite video game or a video conferencing platform, for example, are both instances of software that need computer hardware to function.

Can you have software without Hardware?

Yes, in most cases, a computer can function without the need to install software. If an operating system or interpreter is not discovered, a computer will not provide any information or will display an error.

Both the user and the program on a computer must interact with the computer hardware.

In addition to an operating system, installing apps on a computer provides it extra capabilities. A word processor, for example, is not essential, but it does allow you to write papers and letters.

What is an example of Software?

A set of instructions or programs built and developed to execute specific tasks is known as computer software. The different types of software with examples of each are listed below.

System Software

System software is computer program designed to provide a platform for other software. Examples of system software are Operating System, Device Drivers, Firmware and Utility.

Operating system examples include:
  •  MS Windows
  • macOS
  • Linux
  • iOS
  • Android
  • CentOS
  • Ubuntu
  • Unix
Device Drivers examples include:
  • BIOS Driver
  • Motherboard Drivers
  • Display Drivers
  • ROM Drivers
  • Printer Drivers
  • USB Drivers
  • Sound Card Driver
  •  VGA Drivers.
Firmware examples include:
  • Computer Peripherals
  •  Embedded Systems
  • UEFI
  • BIOS
Utility Software include:
  •  Norton Antivirus
  •  McAfee Antivirus
  • WinRAR
  • WinZip
  • Piriform CCleaner 
  • Windows File Explorer
  • Directory Opus
  •  Razer Corte

Application Software

An application software is a computer program designed to carry out a particular task other than one relating to the operation of the computer itself. Examples of application software are  Word Processors, Database Software, Multimedia Software and Web Browsers.

Word Processors examples include:
  • MS Word 
  • Apple iWork-Pages
  • Corel WordPerfect
  • Google Docs 
Database Software examples include:
  • MS Access
  • FileMaker
  • dBase
  • Clipper 
  • MySQL
  • FoxPro
Multimedia Software examples include:
  • Adobe Photoshop
  • Picasa
  • VLC Media Player
  • Windows Media Player
  • Windows Movie Maker
Web Browsers examples include:
  • Google Chrome
  • Mozilla Firefox
  • Internet Explorer
  • Opera
  • UC Browser
  • Safari

What is the example of a hardware?

A physical device or component of a computer that is physically attached to the computer is referred to as hardware. These are the main electronic components that make up the computer system. Hardware are usually divided into two types. They are internal hardware components and external hardware components.

Examples of internal hardware components are as follows.

  • Motherboard
  • Central Processing Unit (CPU)
  • Power Supply
  • Random Access Memory (RAM)
  • Hard Disk Drive (HDD)
  • Video Card
  • Solid-State Drive (SSD)
  • Optical Disc Drive (e.g. BD drive, DVD drive, CD drive)
  • Card Reader (e.g. SD, SDHC)

Example of external hardware components are as follows:

  • Monitor
  • Keyboard
  • Mouse
  • Printer
  • Speakers
  • External Hard Drive
  • Desktop Image Scanner
  • Projector
  • Joystick
  • Headphones
  • USB Flash Drive

Conclusion

The difference between hardware and software is that hardware refers to a computer’s actual components, whereas software refers to a collection of instructions supplied to a computer to complete a certain task.

It’s also worth noting that both computer hardware and software are critical to a computer system’s correct operation, as hardware cannot do any work without software, and vice versa.

If you have a video game that is computer software, for example, you can’t play it without computer hardware.


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